The tree of Gernika
The Tree of Gernika is, without any doubt, the most universal symbol of all Basque people.
The tree that provided shelter or shade for the early Assemblies of the Seigniory of Bizkaia has become, in time, the symbol of the permanence of a nation and its institutions against the historical ups and downs that the Basques have experienced in their existence as a community.
The Tree of Gernika has spread beyond the geographical limits of Bizkaia to become a reference point for the whole of Euskalherria.
As a symbol that links our past and our present, it currently witnesses such special events as the taking possession and swearing into office of the Lehendakari (President of the Basque Country) or the Diputado General (Prime Minister of the Territory).
A commemorative plaque remembers the words used in 1936 by José Antonio Agirre, the first Lehendakari of Euskadi, which have become the protocol formula for carrying out this swearing into office.